• Research Division
  • National Narcotics Laboratory
  • Preventive Education
  • Treatment
  • Outreach

 

The National Dangerous Drugs Control Board (NDDCB) is pursuing a vision and achieving a state where the public at large works actively and effectively with all concerned agencies to eliminate drug related problems. For this purpose, the NDDCB has under taken many initiatives. One of the major activities , in this regard, is to conduct and undertake research studies into the prevalence, etiology and legal, medical, social and economic implications of the abuse of dangerous drugs.

1.Handbook on Drug Abuse Information

Handbook of Drug Abuse Information contains data on drug use each year and retrospectively for 5 years. Data on drug abuse was collected form Departments of Police, Excise, Customs, Prisons, Health and Indigenous Medicines. Printed copies of the Handbook were distributed to local and international institutions working in drug abuse control and related fields, professionals and other interested persons. Two interim reports of drug abuse information were compiled once in six months in Sinhala and English, print and circulated between the relevant professional and institutions. Meanwhile, data for the handbook on the forthcoming year were compiled and analyzed. Handbook on Drug Abuse Information 2016 which contains newest information on the drug situation of the country will be launched very soon.
     

2. Drug Abuse Monitoring System (DAMS)

Drug Abuse Monitoring System (DAMS) is a computerized information system, which collects information on persons arrested for drug offences and persons seeking treatment for drug use. Information is collected from drug law enforcement agencies and drug treatment agencies using data collection form for each case reported. These data are analyzed by the quarter in the case of persons treated for drug use and by the semester in the case of persons arrested for drug use. Data collection for the DAMS from the Police, Prisons and Treatment facilities Island-wide was coordinated by the research division.

Reports on persons treated for drug use and reports on persons arrested for drug use were published by quarterly and biannually. These reports were distributed among persons and organizations connected with drug control in the country.

 

Drug Abuse Statistical Report of Arrest and Treatment Agencies, Sri Lanka

 

The general objective of the Drug Abuse Monitoring System (DAMS) is to establish a sound database for effective programme planning and monitoring. Specific objectives of the Reporting System are as follow:

      To determine the incidence, prevalence and characteristics of drug users who come in contact with reporting institutions or practitioners.

      To monitor the trends and patterns in drug use.

      To determine and describe the "at risk" groups in the population

      To be an `early warning system’ to permit early programme responses

 

The Information given in this report is mostly from Police Stations Island wide and Police Narcotic Bureau. The Instrument or the Reporting Form used for reporting on drug users contains core items on:

      Demographic characteristics

      Drugs used

     Route of use

      Gender

      Frequency of drug use

      Nature of offence

 

Following reports were Completed during the year and available for information 

 

  • (A).Statistical report on drug related arrests in Sri Lanka (DAMS arrest report) - Volume 49

The total number of persons arrested for drug related offences was 8570 from January to June 2015 from recorded to the data base. Of the persons arrested 1795 were heroin users. 21% percent of the persons arrested were aged between 30 and 34 years.

Of the reported arrests, majority (2350) were arrested from Colombo district. When considered the entire arrests, 38% was from western province. Among the reported persons, 99% were male and 1% was female. Of the persons reported 5732 (67%) were married and 2804 (33%) single. Among the total drug related arrestees, 58% had studied between year 5 and 10. The prevalence of drug related arrests per million populations, based on 2012 provisional data of census amongst Ethnical groups, Sinhalese were 476,Tamils 204, Moor 333, Malay 270 and Burgher were 261 during the first half of year 2015. The prevalence rate of drug related arrests per million populations amongst religions, Buddhists were 492, Hindus 211, Islamic 321 and Christians 235 during the first half of the year 2015.

 

 

  • • (B).Statistical report on drug dependants from treatment agencies (DAMS treatment report) - Volume 100 - 1st quarter 2016
  • The total number of drug users reported from treatment facilities during the first quarter of 2016 was 419. Within the period, the number of drug users has increased by 39%, compared to that of 2015. 48% of the total reported drug users were from the government (NDDCB) treatment facilities, 42% was from the prison drug treatment and rehabilitation programme and 10% has reported from NGOs. Prisoner diversion programme has been changed in 2011 due to enactment of drug dependents (treatment and rehabilitation) act No. 54, 2007 to implement compulsory treatment facilities in Sri Lanka. Under the above act, an exclusive treatment programme has been designed for prisons for drug related offenders. The majority of reported drug users had received institutional treatment facilities and among the treatment admissions 47% was from Colombo district. When considered the entire treatment admissions, 65% was from Western province.

    414 male drug users were admitted to the treatment during this period. The number of male drug users reported during this period had increased compared to the corresponding period of 2015. Only five female were obtained treatment during the period.

    Among the total drug users 37% had chased the drug and 41% reported eat or drink. 21% of the drug users smoke the drug. Of the persons reported 192 (46%) were single and 207 (49%) were married. Of the total 230 (55%) had studied between year 5 and 10.

    The prevalence of drug users reported from treatment facilities per million populations based on 2012 estimated of census, amongst the ethnic groups Sinhalese was 23, Tamil 10, Moor 19, Malay 23 and Burger 52 during the first quarter 2016. The prevalence rate of drug users per million populations amongst the Buddhist was 22, Hindu 7, Islamic 20 and the Christians 26 was represented during the corresponding quarter.

 

    3.Research reports

    Following research studies are on the printing stage and will be available to public very soon.

        Rapid Assessment Survey on Drug Abuse in Ampara City.

        Prevalence Survey on Drug Abuse in Kelaniya Divisional Secretariat Division.

       Drug Prevalence Survey in Jaffna divisional secretariat divisions.

        Drug prevalence survey among school children in Kurunegala District.

        Prevalence Survey on Injecting Drug Users (IDUs).

        Rapid Assessment survey on drug trafficking, smuggling and selling.(IDUs).

     4.Current Researches -Surveys

        Island wide spot survey on drug prevalence.

        Study on drug use among school children.

       Study on substance abuse in night clubs and beach parties in Colombo and suburbs.

    5. Drug Prevalence Survey in Jaffna divisional secretariat divisions.

    The research division conducted Prevalence Surveys and Rapid Situation Analysis Surveys (RSAS) in District wise annually to assess the current drug abuse situation in the country and provide information & recommendation to drug prevention programmes, outreach work and treatment & rehabilitation programmes to the district. The research division conducted a drug prevalence survey in Jaffna District from October to December 2014.

    The Jaffna district consists of 15 Divisional Secretariat and 435 Grama Niladhari Divisions. The total population in the Jaffna district was 538,882 persons. As it well know that the level of drug use among person 14 years and below is significantly low only persons above 14 years of age was considered for the sample of the survey. The total population above 14 years of age in the Jaffna district was 406,586 persons. The distribution the population above 14 years of age by gender, 190,892 were male and 215,694 were female. To ascertain the prevalence and availability of drugs in the post war Jaffna district is a house-hold survey was conducted. The data collection was carried out on systematic random sample of 11, 730 households.

    map

 

The National Narcotics Laboratory (NNL), functioning under the National Dangerous Drugs Control Board was created in 1990 through the combined funding of United Nations Drugs Control Programme (UNDCP) /UNFDAC and the Sri Lanka Government, with the WHO Authorities in Sri Lanka being the executing agency.

The laboratory became operational in an improvised building at York Street, Colombo 01, in April 1991, and shifted to its current custom built headquarters at Rajagiriya in 1994.

It is now renowned not only in Sri Lanka but throughout the South Asian Region as one of the best laboratories equipped with "state-of-the-art" scientific equipment, which include, Gas Chromatographs (GC), Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS), High Performance Liquid Chromatographs (HPLC), UV Spectrophotometers and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer (FTIR) etc.

The laboratory staff is engaged exclusively in analysis of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursor chemicals, in addition to conducting Training and Research. Due to the untiring efforts and utmost dedication of the well trained scientific staff and the management towards the continual development of the lab, the NNL now has a huge potential to carry out most of the sophisticated analytical experiments by itself, saving a large sum of money which should otherwise be spent on the foreign laboratories in getting such experiments conducted.

 



  • WHO WE ARE
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    WHO WE ARE

    Education and Training Division of National Dangerous Drugs Control Board is mandated via Sri Lankan Legislation and other drugs demand reduction conventions, not just to reduce the prevalence of drug abuse, but also to reduce the harm caused by drugs.Preventive Education and Training Unit believes that greater attention and more resources should be invested in drugs control programmes aim at managing effectively substance abuse issues among adolescents, secondary level school students tertiary level university students, risky workplace workers and grass root level.

    The programme package has been developed to address personal/ individual factor, social environmental factor and substance factor which generate numerous consequences of drug abuse. Our programmes have been designed with curriculum based on educational theory, interactive social learning, extra curricular activities, cultural sensitivity and developmentally appropriate information about drugs.

     

    STATERGIES OF PREVENTIVE EDUCATION & TRAINING

    Designing and implementing Educational & Skill Development Programmes

    Designing programmes for strengthening different categories people of such as students, government officers, law enforcement officers & private sector employees on drug abuse management and life skills development

    Information sharing and Dissemination

    Making individuals, families and community aware of harmful effects of drug abuse through printed and electronic media

    Alternative Programmes

    Designing & Organizing group activities which encourage creativity and entertainment in a drug free environment

    Brief intervention

    Preventing Individuals from experimenting and abusing legal and illegal substances and prescribed drugs for recreational purposes

    Community based programmes

    Strengthening community through intervention in terms of community support networks

     

     

     

    Treatment Programme

     

    A client need to stay three months at the centre for residential treatment. After the residential period is over the client is required to enrol into the relapse prevention programme. Parents/guardians are required to assist the client's recovering process and help to cope with uncomfortable feelings.

     

    Wherever possible, the residential programme incorporates activities and experiences consistent with normal lifestyles. The clients will have a formal treatment programme during week days, less structured activities in evenings and in weekends.

     

    Daily activities includes individual and group counselling sessions, educational programmes, care and maintenance of the centre, work projects such as landscaping, creative pursuits such as pottery, welding work, carpentry and drama, stress management activities like muscle relaxation, meditation and recreation. Television and news papers are available for residents.

     

    About Centers

    The centers consists of counselling rooms, office buildings, vocational training units, kitchen and dining hall(s). Those are located in easily accessed and free locations. The centers provides basic but clean and hygienic accommodation, a balance diet, in-door and out-door recreational facilities, a group of friendly and trained staff. The treatment programme consists of medical attention, counselling, behavioural therapy, vocational training, in-door and out-door recreational activities. The treatment needs of each person are assessed individually.

     

    The centers managed by a resident Manager with a trained and well experienced Counsellor, Assistant Counsellors and members of treatment staff who takes care of the residents. The Counsellor would personally talk to parents, spouses or guardians on admission of the client to the centre and would take them around to show the facilities provided at the centre. There is a monthly get-together at the centre for client's parents, spouses or guardians.

    Community Counselling Centers

    “Siyapatha” Counseling Center
    Old Ceylon Buddhist Congress Complex
    Bauddhaloka Mawatha
    Colombo 07
    Tel : 011 309 1394

    Sri Lanka Maha Bodhi Counseling Center
    Sri Lanka Maha Bodhi Society
    No. 130, Maligakanda Rd, Maradana
    Tel : 011 267 7626 / 011 493 5077

    Hot Line : 1984

    Outreach Services

     

    The NDDCB has taken measures to expand its services to the grass root level by extending the outreach drug prevention and treatment programmes to the district level. This has been further enhanced by improving the facilities and increasing the number of outreach officers assigned to Grama Niladhari divisions in high prevalence areas in Colombo and suburbs as well as in outstation areas.

    Objectives of the outreach

      To extend Board's services (prevention, treatment and rehabilitation) to drug dependents and their families, high risk groups in community and the general public.

     

      To establish and maintain a communication network between Schools, Grama Niladaries, Samurdhi Officers, Divisional Secretaries, Social Service Officers, Principals and Religious Leaders to develop programmes on discouraging the use of drugs conducted by the Board.

     

      To evaluate the effect / success of aforesaid programmes by carrying out continuous follow up activities.

     

      To provide prevention and treatment services to drug users, their families and to the general public.

     

    Contact information of the outreach officers

    MLO briefs the plan to Secretary Defence